Exploring the Anthony Cole House at Eno River State Park

Anthony Cole House in the distance

At the end of September, I went to the Fews Ford Access at Eno River State Park (6101 Cole Mill Road, Durham, NC 27705) and hiked north on Buckquarter Creek Trail. Near the junction with Ridge Trail, I passed an old dilapidated house in the woods and did a little exploring.

After a bit of research, I found out that this is actually the Anthony Cole House, one of the bastions of one of the leading families in Durham County, North Carolina in the 19th century. Their influence was so substantial that the name of Cole can still be found in numerous places around the Eno River to this very day, from Cole Mill Road to Cole Mill Trail to the McCown-Cole House, another notable house in the area.

The origins of the Cole family aren’t entirely clear, but from the research I’ve done it appears they came from Cornwall, in the southwest of England, and migrated sometime in the middle of the 18th century. The first of their number to enter the history books was Anthony Cole (pictured below left), born in 1804, who would eventually come to be known as the patriarch of the family.

Anthony Cole and Susannah Browning Cole

At the ripe old age of seventeen, Anthony married Susannah Browning (pictured above right), and the two of them immediately started having children — fourteen in fact, which helped to ensure the continuing dominance of the family in Durham County. Around the time their first son, Thomas, was born on July 2nd, 1823, Anthony had a house constructed for the family near the confluence of the Eno River and Buckquarter Creek.

Map of Buckquarter Creek, leading to Anthony Cole House

And it was this house that I found on the afternoon of September 22nd, 2019, as I crested the hill that marks the first leg of Buckquarter Creek Trail. Climbing up the steep incline with the summer sun bursting through the branches above my head, I was ready for a little exploring.

Buckquarter Creek Trail, going uphill

When I reached the junction of Buckquarter Creek Trail and Ridge Trail, I veered off the main path and skirted a handful of old cypress trees on the way to my ultimate destination.

Anthony Cole House at Eno River State Park

One of the first things to stand out about the Anthony Cole House is the presence of not one, but two chimneys — which during the early 19th century would’ve been a clear delineation of the wealth and status of the family who owned the house. Also notable is the fact that the Anthony Cole House has two stories, which though not terribly uncommon today, would’ve been another indication that this family was more than merely an agglomeration of sharecroppers.

Back view of Anthony Cole House

In the back of the house, there are a number of other smaller houses, most likely including a springhouse, slaughterhouse, and outhouse. The last of these — which was the most common means of disposing of sewage before the advent of municipal water treatment — may have been the source of the family’s eventual ruin. For it was an outbreak of typhoid fever in the well water around Durham County that decimated a great many of their number and contributed to the Cole family’s eventual decline.

Looking inside a room in Anthony Cole House

Walking around the back of the house, away from what may have been the source of so much suffering, I took a closer look at the room on the west side of the house. It was difficult to make out which room may have been here, but it’s fair to guess that it served as a kitchen at some point, from the presence of a fireplace and proximity to water, which would have been useful in the event of a fire.

Looking inside door to Anthony Cole House

On the east side of the house, there was another room, more darkly lit and obscured from an accumulation of rubble at the back door. This was probably the living room, judging from the proximity to the nearby road and the better lighting which it would have had in the morning hours, when business was most frequently conducted.

After finishing my circuit, I took a few more minutes to admire the Anthony Cole House, still beautiful in its own dilapidated way after two centuries of use and neglect. It’s sad to think that so many historic houses like this are eventually left to rot, but it’s not surprising when you consider our culture’s obsession with novelty, which I talked about in my earlier story on Cole Mill.

For my part, history will always have a special place in my heart, especially when it’s paired with the beauty of a natural landscape as exceptional as Eno River State Park.

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